By Katie Drewitz
University of Minnesota
National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) crop yield estimates for 2022 have been posted. Looking at this data is an opportunity to assess yield trends in the counties to better understand yield potential. Today’s article will focus on corn and soybeans, but NASS also has estimated yields for a variety of other crops across several years.
Estimated corn and soybean yields from 2022 decreased slightly in Fillmore County while Houston County saw a slight numerical increase. Corn yields in Fillmore County were estimated at 198.5 bushels per acre with soybean yield estimates at 61.1 bushels per acre. Both values are down from 2021. For Houston County, corn yields were estimated at 203 bushels per acre, and soybean yields came in at 61.7 bushels per acre, which is a slight increase from 2021. The statewide estimated corn yield was 195 bushels per acre and 50 bushels per acre for soybeans in 2022. Both of these statewide values are up from the 191 bushels per acre corn yield and 47 bushel per acre soybean yields estimated in 2021.
When looking at the yield data from the past 10 years, it is clear there is a lot of variation in yields from year to year for both crops. While weather is usually the most significant yield factor, the effect of best management practices cannot be excluded from this calculation. These practices include nutrient management, weed control, irrigation, improved drainage, tillage management, and proper hybrid selection among others that help get the most out of improved crop genetics. It is also important to remember that while higher yields usually mean greater returns, always keep yield expectations realistic.
All of the yield data can be found by doing an internet search for “Minnesota Ag Statistics County Estimates” and looking for the link to the NASS website. If you have additional questions please reach out to your local Extension Educator. Residents in Fillmore and Houston counties may call (507) 765-3896 or (507) 725-5807.