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Prevented Plant and Cover Crops

By Jerrold Tesmer

Fri, Jun 7th, 2013
Posted in All Agriculture

By Jerrold Tesmer, Extension Educator for Fillmore/Houston Counties

Jill Sackett, Local Extension Educator, Conservation Agronomist, has passed along this information on opting for Prevented Plant acres this spring. Be sure to talk to your insurance agent and Farm Service Agency before choosing and planting a cover crop.

If you choose the 60 percent payment option, you CANNOT graze or hay the cover crop until after November 1. It is my understanding that you can terminate it via tillage or herbicide at any time, however. If you choose the second crop / 35 percent payment option, you CAN graze or hay the cover crop. Check with insurance and FSA on this before making any decisions. It is also my understanding that your FSA office should have a list of acceptable cover crops. These lists can vary from state to state and even county to county. Most will NOT include anything that can be insured (i.e. - alfalfa, soybeans). Again, check with insurance and FSA on this before making any decisions.

Cover crop seed availability is already low and prices are already high. If you know you are going to use a cover crop, order it and get it delivered as soon as you can.

Farmers have had to make tough cropping decisions do to the extreme spring weather conditions and will have to continue to do so this summer and fall. As I have searched for information for various people these are some of the sources of information that I have found useful. Hopefully some of them will also be helpful to you.

The University of Minnesota Extension website http://www.extension.umn.edu, has a section Extension News. Two useful articles are “Choosing ACRE or DCP” and “Website for Forage Shortage, Late Planting Issues.” From that website you can move to Extension’s “Alfalfa Weather Damage and Emergency Forages” website at: www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/crops/spring-issues and Extension’s “Late Planting” website at www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/crops/late-planting.

If postemergence application of a soil-applied residual herbicide is considered, be sure to check the herbicide label for any crop height restrictions. Maximum height restrictions can range from five inch corn to 40 inch corn, depending on the product. A helpful table from the University of Illinois summarizes these: http://bulletin.ipm.illinois.edu/?p=745

Iowa State University was an excellent source for “Delayed and Prevented Planting Provisions” FM 1859 https://www.extension.iastate.edu/AGDM/crops/pdf/a1-57.pdf. If you want to look at forage related information, the University of Wisconsin Extension has a Focus on Forage website with forage crop information: www.uwex.edu/ces/crops/uwforage/focusonforage.htm

Sometimes it takes a little digging to find the exact information you need, but if you contact me at the Fillmore County Extension Office 507-765-3896 or the Houston County Extension Office 507-725-5807, or tesme001@umn.edu, I will attempt to assist you.

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